Relevance of Fluorodopa PET Scan in Dopamine Responsive Dystonia and Juvenile Parkinsonism: A Systematic Review

Juan A. Moncayo, Maite Vargas, Juan F. Ortiz, Pablo Granda, Alex S. Aguirre, Jennifer Argudo, Willians Tambo, Gabriela Garofalo, Christian John Capirig, Melisa German-Montenegro, Luis G. Rueda

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de revisiónrevisión exhaustiva


Background: Dopamine Responsive Dystonia (DRD) and Juvenile Parkinsonism (JP) are two diseases commonly presenting with parkinsonian symptoms in young patients. Current clinical guidelines offer a diagnostic approach based on molecular analysis. However, developing countries have limitations in terms of accessibility to these tests. We aimed to assess the utility of imaging equipment, usually more available worldwide, to help diagnose and improve patients’ quality of life with these diseases. Methods: We performed a systematic literature review in English using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) and meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology (MOOSE) protocols. We only used human clinical trials about dopamine responsive dystonia and juvenile parkinsonism patients in which a fluorodopa (FD) positron emission tomography (PET) scan was performed to identify its use in these diseases. Results: We included six studies that fulfilled our criteria. We found a clear pattern of decreased uptake in the putamen and caudate nucleus in JP cases. At the same time, the results in DRD were comparable to normal subjects, with only a slightly decreased marker uptake in the previously mentioned regions by the FD PET scan. Conclusions: We found a distinctive pattern for each of these diseases. Identifying these findings with FD PET scans can shorten the delay in making a definitive diagnosis when genetic testing is unavailable, a common scenario in developing countries.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)997-1006
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónNeurology International
EstadoPublicada - dic. 2022


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