Resilient clean cooking: Maintaining household clean cooking in Ecuador during the COVID-19 pandemic

Alfredo Valarezo, Lissete Dávila, M. Lorena Bejarano, Iván Nolivos, Emilio Molina, Samuel B. Schlesinger, Carlos F. Gould, Darby W. Jack

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

1 Cita (Scopus)


Decades of government subsidies for LPG and electricity have facilitated near-universal clean cooking access and use in Ecuador, placing the nation ahead of most other peer low- and middle-income countries. The widespread socio-economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic has threatened the resilience of clean cooking systems globally, including by altering households' ability to purchase clean fuels and policymakers' considerations about continuing subsidy programs. As such, assessing the resilience of clean cooking in Ecuador during the pandemic can offer important lessons for the international community, especially other countries looking to ensure resilient transitions to clean cooking. We study household energy use patterns using interviews, newspaper reports, government data on household electricity and LPG consumption, and household surveys [N = 200 across two rounds]. The LPG and electricity distribution systems experienced occasional disruptions to cylinder refill delivery and meter reading processes, respectively, which were associated with pandemic-related mobility restrictions. However, for the most part, supply and distribution activities by private and public companies continued without fundamental change. Survey participants reported increases in unemployment and reductions in household income as well as increased use of polluting biomass as a secondary fuel. Ecuador's LPG and electricity distribution systems were resilient throughout the pandemic, with only minimal interruption of the widespread provision of low-cost clean cooking fuels. Our findings inform the global audience concerned about the resilience of clean household energy use on the potential for clean fuel subsidies to facilitate continued clean cooking even during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)349-360
Número de páginas12
PublicaciónEnergy for Sustainable Development
EstadoPublicada - jun. 2023


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