Seasonality of rotavirus disease in the tropics: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Karen Levy, Alan E. Hubbard, Joseph N.S. Eisenberg

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210 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: To date little conclusive evidence exists on the seasonality of rotavirus incidence in the tropics. We present a systematic review and meta-analysis on the seasonal epidemiology of rotavirus in the tropics, including 26 studies reporting continuous monthly rotavirus incidence for which corresponding climatological data was available. Methods: Using linear regression models that account for serial correlation between months, monthly rotavirus incidence was significantly negatively correlated with temperature, rainfall and relative humidity in 65%, 55% and 60% of studies, respectively. We carried out pooled analyses using a generalized estimating equation (GEE) that accounts for correlation from between-study variation and serial correlation between months within a given study. Results: For every 1°C (1.8°F) increase in mean temperature, 1 cm (0.39 in.) increase in mean monthly rainfall, and 1% increase in relative humidity (22%) this analysis showed reductions in rotavirus incidence of 10% (95% CI: 6-13%), 1% (95% CI: 0-1%), and 3% (95% CI:0-5%), respectively. Conclusions: On the basis of the evidence, we conclude that rotavirus responds to changes in climate in the tropics, with the highest number of infections found at the colder and drier times of the year. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Epidemiological Association.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículodyn260
Páginas (desde-hasta)1487-1496
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Epidemiology
Volumen38
N.º6
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 4 dic. 2008
Publicado de forma externa

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