Strongly Nonequilibrium Bose-Condensed Atomic Systems

V. I. Yukalov, A. N. Novikov, V. S. Bagnato

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

12 Citas (Scopus)


A trapped Bose–Einstein condensate, being strongly perturbed, exhibits several spatial structures. First, there appear quantum vortices. Increasing the amount of the injected energy leads to the formation of vortex tangles representing quantum vortex turbulence. Continuing energy injection makes the system so strongly perturbed that vortices become destroyed and there develops another kind of spatial structures with essentially heterogeneous spatial density. These structures consist of high-density droplets, or grains, surrounded by the regions of low density. The droplets are randomly distributed in space, where they can move; however they live sufficiently long time to be treated as a type of metastable creatures. Such structures have been observed in nonequilibrium trapped Bose gases of 87Rb subject to the action of an oscillatory perturbation modulating the trapping potential. Perturbing the system even stronger transforms the droplet structure into wave turbulence, where Bose condensate is destroyed. Numerical simulations are in good agreement with experimental observations.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)53-67
Número de páginas15
PublicaciónJournal of Low Temperature Physics
EstadoPublicada - 1 jul. 2015
Publicado de forma externa


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