Target-Specific Capture of Environmentally Relevant Gaseous Aldehydes and Carboxylic Acids with Functional Nanoparticles

McKenzie L. Campbell, Fernanda D. Guerra, Jhilmil Dhulekar, Frank Alexis, Daniel C. Whitehead

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

33 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Aldehyde and carboxylic acid volatile organic compounds (VOCs) present significant environmental concern due to their prevalence in the atmosphere. We developed biodegradable functional nanoparticles comprised of poly(d,l-lactic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ethyleneimine) (PDLLA-PEG-PEI) block co-polymers that capture these VOCs by chemical reaction. Polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) preparation involved nanoprecipitation and surface functionalization with branched PEI. The PDLLA-PEG-PEI NPs were characterized by using TGA, IR, 1H NMR, elemental analysis, and TEM. The materials feature 1, 2, and 3 amines on their surface, capable of capturing aldehydes and carboxylic acids from gaseous mixtures. Aldehydes were captured by a condensation reaction forming imines, whereas carboxylic acids were captured by acid/base reaction. These materials reacted selectively with target contaminants obviating off-target binding when challenged by other VOCs with orthogonal reactivity. The NPs outperformed conventional activated carbon sorbents. Gaseous pollutants: The preparation, characterization, and evaluation of poly(d,l-lactic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ethyleneimine) (PDLLA-PEG-PEI) nanoparticles capable of selectively capturing environmental contaminants of broad concern bearing aldehyde and carboxylic acid functional groups in the gas phase is presented (see scheme).

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)14834-14842
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónChemistry - A European Journal
Volumen21
N.º42
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 oct. 2015
Publicado de forma externa

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