Theoretical study of the importance of the spectator groups on the hydrolysis of phosphate triesters

José R. Mora, Anthony J. Kirby, Faruk Nome

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

34 Citas (Scopus)


The spontaneous hydrolysis of a series of five triaryl and two dialkyl aryl phosphate triesters, previously studied experimentally, is examined theoretically using two different hybrid density functional methods, B3LYP and M06; two basic sets, 6-31+G(d) and 6-311++G(d,p); and the Gaussian 09 program. The B3LYP/6-31+G(d) methodology combined excellent accuracy with minor computational cost. The calculations show excellent quantitative agreement with experiment, which is best in the presence of three discrete water molecules. The results support a two-step mechanism involving a pentacovalent addition intermediate, with a lifetime of tenths of a millisecond. The rate-determining formation of this intermediate involves general base catalysis, defined by concerted proton transfers in a six-membered cyclic activated complex (TS1), which involves two hydrogen-bonded water molecules supporting a well-developed H2O•••P bond (mean % evolution 77.83 ± 0.97). The third water molecule is hydrogen-bonded to P=O and subsequently involved in product formation via TS2. The effects on reactivity of all the groups attached to phosphorus in TS1 are examined in detail: the two non-leaving groups in particular are found to play an important role, accounting for the substantial difference in reactivity between triaryl and dialkyl aryl phosphate triesters.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)7061-7070
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónJournal of Organic Chemistry
EstadoPublicada - 17 ago. 2012
Publicado de forma externa


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