Objective: This qualitative research study evaluated the attitudes, perceptions, and opinions of World War II veterans regarding the health impact of their military service. Methods: The study design involved adding relevant health questions to the interview format developed by the ongoing Veterans History Project, a military oral history depository directed and maintained by the U.S. Library of Congress. Audiotaped interviews conducted with individuals and a focus group were coded and evaluated. Key informants provided background information. Results: Findings included a general consensus among participants that military service during World War II was beneficial to their health. Preventive health practices were instilled as lifelong habits, as were feelings of self-confidence and independence. The Veterans Administration was viewed positively by respondents but was not used to any great extent. Conclusions: Current good health and feelings of patriotism, duty, and selflessness may underlie expressed positive attitudes about the health impact of service during World War II.